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1831 . MASCOUTAH » 1937
"As Time Goes On
WRITTEN • DESIGNED • DIRECTED
BY W ILLARD FR-IEDERICH
Mascoutah Public School Grounds
August 8th and 9th, 1937
REV. A. W. HOELSCHER J. D. MOLLMAN
Pageant Chairman Chm. Centennial Committee
The Centennial Commission wishes to extend its warmest apprecia-
tion to all those loyal citizens who in any way contributed to the staging
of this production, whether through the donation of time and service,
talent, costumes, properties, or general support. The finished product
stands as a symbol of their efforts; without them it could not have-
Mascoutdh ""HH^ Publishing Co.
History is the recounting- of the major events in the lives of human beings.
It tells when and where a thing- happened, and it tells how a thing- happened.
But usually, it does rot tell why a thing happened. The reason for this is per-
fectly obvious. In the first place, the how, when, and wherefore of an event
is well known. Tiiis information is all grouped under that accurate but often-
times dull heading, 'Facts". On the other hand, to know why the action ocurred
is not so much to inquire into fact but rather to inquire into the inner motives
of the men who figured in the action. It is not factual but spiritual. Therefore,
of necessity, it lends itself to personal interpretation, and accordingly is not
accurate enough for history.
In collecting material for the writing of this drama covering the 100 years
of Mascoutah's existence, I have found it to fall into two categories: (1) that
which lends itself to dramatic reproduction on the stage, and (2) that which
does noi. Material of the latter type was, of course, discarded at once as im-
practicable. Upon careful consideration, the first type of material, or that which
could be produced, was found usually to lack the conflict and vigor which is so
necessary to dramatic production. There was that acute lack of the human
quality which made it sound so very true but so very unmoving. The further
impossibility of authentically representing real characters did not help the
problem any. It was, therefore, the most advisable procedure to discard this
The following plan was then adopted: — To present the history of a purely
fictitious family and show how the history of Mascoutah and the United States
might have affected it. Consequently, the characters are all imaginary, and no
resemblance between them and real people was intended. The situations which
they themselves create are also unreal. The time and actual historical events
used, are, however, as perfectly true and authentic as the information I was
able to obtain.
It has been my endeavor to show how this city might have influenced — and
probably did — the lives or" people living in it. I have been concerned not so
much with what happened, but rather why I think it happened. This production
is therefore dedicated to that spirit of romance and adventure which mad^ men
and women pioneers — and shall always make men and women pioneers, no mat
ter what age they live in. If your imagination is stimulated a trifle to think a
bit about what may have gone on behind the scenes of history in this e'ty,
tins production will have done all it was intended to do.
— The Author
SYNOPSIS - "AS TIME GOES ON"
"As Time Goes On" has its beginning one June afternoon in 1837 in the
camp of the Maseoutans on the Great River. The chief is bargaining with
White Star, Chief of the Tamaroans of Turkey Hill, for the marriage of his
daughter, Tahasee, to White Star. Before an agreement can be reached the
news of the arrival of the white traders from Fort St. Louis down the river,
puts the camp into instant pandemonium. The traders find an eager group
Among the traders is a young man who automatically becomes the leader
of the group — Jack Barrows. He suddenly sees the Princess Tahasee for the
first time and engages her in conversation. She very naively discloses that
she does not wish to marry White Star, because she has fallen in love with
Jack himself en one of his earlier visits there. Making a spur-of-the-moment
decision, Jack decides he will marry her in spite of the mixture of races and
the opposition from old Chief Mascoutah. After successfully repelling an
attack by White Star, Jack and Tahasee leave the camp for Mechanicsburg.
The old Chief calls the curse of the Great Spirit down upon his disobedient
daughter and disowns her forever, as the entire tribe joins in the Death
Lament for the death of their Princess.
Nineteen years later finds the tiny settlement of Mechanicsburg grown
into a fair sized town. The townspeople, under the guidance of Barrows, have
called a meeting for the following day, July 1, 1856, to see about incorporating
it as a town. The interest shown is very favorable until a sharp agitator, Jasper
Johnson, comes from Belleville and stirs up trouble. Faced by the crowd, he
and Jack have a show-down and Johnson is cleverly defeated. He is taken
over by the townspeople, who plan to run him, out. But due to sympathy from
a few, he escapes them and comes back to Jack. He begins a voluntary quarrel.
In the fight that ensues, Tahasee endeavors to shield Barrows and is accident-
ally shot herself.
By the time the Civil War breaks in 1862, Jack Barrows is a man of about
45. He has been married again and his two daughters by Tahasee — Jane and
Meredith, are 12 and 15 years of age. Jane, the younger, is greatly thrilled over
her father's appointment to Gen. Grant's staff, but Meredith dreads the thought
of losing her father. His commission finally arrives through Commodore Foote
in St. Louis, and he prepares to leave at once. It is the first of a series of pain-
ful goodbyes to Meredith Barrows.
In 1898, we find her a woman of 51 with a son, Gordon, of about 25. TIk- war
with Spain has been carried from Cuba to Manilla, and need for enlistments are
getting more urgent all the time. Jane Barrow's son, Pdchard, arrives from New
York enroute to California and the Philippines, and adroitly talks the level-
headed Gordon into leaving his mother and sweetheart, Janice Lawn, and going
Upon Gordon's return, he and Janice patch up the break his going caused,
and are married. In October, 1918, we find them a middle aged couple, who have
a son themselves of about 19 years of age. Harley thinks he should join the
army, but his mother dreads the separation. She calls in his grandmother, old
Meredith Barrows Haymer, but even she cannot change his mind. The final
stroke comes when a Liberty Loan Team comes to Mascoutah and gives a pro-
gram on the street corner. Harley makes the break oil family ties and leaves
with the Team for the War Office.
The present finds the fifth in the line of Chief Mascoutah's descendents,
young Meredith Haymer, celebrating her engagement to Brian Webber of New
York. To them comes old Meredith Haymer, now over 90, to wish them well. At
first her rather dreary views of the future, based on her past experiences, damp-
en the youthful ardors of young Meredith. But eventually, youth's optimism
comes to the fore, and Meredith and Brian voice their steadfast belief in the
future — the visicn of a perfect city in a wiser and kinder world.
ACT I - IKE BEGINNING
SCENE I - INDIAN PERIOD
Time — June, 1837
Place — The camp of Chief Mascoutah near the Great River
CASE - <AS YOU MEET THEM)
CHIEF MASCOUTAH, chief of the Mascoutans
TAHASEE, his daughter
HANAWATEE, an Indian Squaw
WHITE STAR, chief of the Tamaroans
MANUTAH, an Indian Runner
JACK BARROWS, a fur trader
CY LAWTON, his partner
RUFE KING, silent partner of the firm
Cathrine Helen Pfeifer
SOLO DANCER — Helen Waggoner
"Indian Spring Song"
"Indian Love Call"
"Farewell, My People"
"Indian Death Lament"
Choir and Chorus
Choir and Chorus
ACT I - SCENE II
Time — June 30, 1856
A Street in Mascoutah
CAST - (AS YOU MEET THEM)
MRS. KURT, a resident of Mascoutah
MRS. HILFMEISTER, her friend
JAKE ROTHBAUM, the town's bachelor
MRS. GRAILLEY, the town's gossip
JACK BARROWS, -
TAHASEE BARROWS -
CY LAWTON, _____
RUFE KING, -----
JASPER JOHNSON, land owner from Belleville
Harmony numbers _ _ _
"In the Evening by the Moonlight"
"I've Been Workin' on the Railroad"
"The Old Gray Mare"
"Swing Low, Sweet Chariot
"Im Wald und auf der Heide"
"Indian Spring Song"
John Brower and son
ACT II - PERIOD OF THE WARS
SCENE I - THE CIVIL WAR
Time — Early Spring, 1862
The porch of Jack Barrows' home in Mascoutah
CAST • (AS YOU MEET THEM)
JANE BARROWS, Jack's youngest daughter
MEREDITH, her sister -
AUNT SARAH, Ruth Barrow's sister
BILLIE AMES, boy next door
A UNION SOLDIER, from Com. Foote in St. Louis
Betty Mae Phillips
Lucy Jane Cluck
BELLES OF THE 60s
June Imol Heinlein
SOLOIST — Pearl Dick
SOLO DANCER — Helen Waggoner
"A Heart That's Free"
"Battle Hymn of Republic"
"John Brown's Body"
Jane and Billie
Jane and Billie
"I'll be With You When the Roses Bloom Again" - Jane
"Sweet Genevieve" - Jane, Billie and Meredith
"How Can I Leave Thee" - - Jack Barrows
ACT II - SCENE II
Time — Summer, 1898
Place — Same as Scene I, Act II
CAST - (AS YOU MEET THEM)
MEREDITH BARROWS HAYMER, - - Betty Mae Phillips
GORDON HAYMER, her son Tom Walthes
GREGORY HAYMER, her husband - - Stanley Schubkegel
JANICE LAWN, a neighbor girl - - - Lucille Ayres
RICHARD AMES, Jane Barrow's son from the East - Allan Liebig
'GAY NINETIES" CHORUS
Augusta Schubkegel Beatrice Etling Leona Kebel
Mildred Grauel Luanne Pfeifer Mary Swain
Violet Hund Dorothy Lill Aretta Sanders
SOLOIST — Willard Friederich
"Lazy Moon" - - - Willard Friederich
"You Are the Rose of My Heart" - - Gordon
"Elegie" -..__. Janice
"In the Time of Roses" - Choir
ACT II -SCENE III
THE WORLD WAR
Time — October, 1918
Place — Same as Scene I, Act II
CASE -(AS YOU MEET THEM)
JANICE LAWN HAYMER, his wife
HARLEY HAYMER, Meredith's grandson
CLAIRE ST. JOHN, Harley's fiancee
Betty Mae Phillips
JOE COLLINS, song leader
MARIE PARKER, entertainer
CHARLIE APIN, comedy song man
"Goodbye Broadway, Hello France
"Darktown Strutter's Ball"
"'Til We Meet Again"
"I Love Thee" -
"Over There" -
Time — The Present
Place — Same as Scene I, Act II
CASI - (AS YOU MEET THEM)
Jeanette Benz, Marguerite Leibrock, Charlotte Boiler
HARLEY HAYMER, ......
CLAIRE ST. JOHN HAYMER, Harley's wife
MEREDITH HAYMER, their daughter
BRIAN WEBBER, her fiance
OLD MEREDITH HAYMER,
Betty Mae Phillips
Directed by Arthur Benz
Piano — Anna L. Montag
Violins — Grenard Mueller, Julius Stoffel, Cathrine Pfeifer
Trumpets — Adolph Bieser, Robert Stoffel
Cello — Virginia Frazier
Clarinet — Roland Dagit
Bass Violin — Edgar Dagit
Trombone — L. C. Cannon
Drums — Arthur Jacobs
CHOIR OF FIFTY VOICES
Directed by Miss Pearl Dick
Including all women in the cast plus the following
Celestine Jung Mrs. L. W. Groennert
Mary Louise Bene Mrs. Albert Stein
Alma F. Wombacher Mrs. Wm. Stahl
Marguerite Laquet Mrs. Alma Menzi
Miss Louisa Liebig Miss Pauline Lischer
Mrs. R. F. Lischer Miss Bertha C. Stein
Mrs. Hy. Mueller Mrs. Oscar Weaver
PIANIST — Ada Weil
VIOLINIST — Twyla Schmitz
City of Mascoutah
E. H. Kilian
Mascoutah Commercial Club
W. C. Freivogel
J. D. Mollman
Rev. A. W. Hoelscher
A. L. A. Moll
Casper Leibrock, Chr.
Wallace Harpstrite, Chr.
August Joellenbeck, Chr.
Philip Kammann, Chr.
A. L. A.
Anna L. Montag
Mrs. Roland Heyde, Chr.
COM. FOR SCENE I, ACT I
Miss Pauline Lischer, Chr.
Mrs. Harold Stout
Mrs. L. C. Cannon
Miss Louise Liebig
Mrs. H. Lill
Mrs. E. A. Karstens
COM. FOR SCENE II, ACT I
Mrs. Wm. Kolar, Chr.
Miss Alma Wombacher
Miss Anne Biskar
Mrs. Fred Bergheger
Mrs. John Klopmeyer
COM. FOR SCENE I, ACT II
Miss Edna Richter, Chr.
Mrs. Frank Boman
Mrs. Hermine Kolar
Mrs. O. H. Harding
Mrs. John Malacarne
Miss Adelia Moll
COM. FOR SCENE II, ACT II
Mrs. Alma Menzi, Chr.
Mrs. Hy. Mueller
Miss Irene Ohl
Mrs. Elma Brookman
COM. FOR SCENE III, ACT 1L
Mrs. Oscar Weaver, Chr.
Mrs. Chas. Klingel
Mrs. Irwin Lembke
Mrs. Guy Morgan
Mrs. Christina Krausz
COM. FOR ACT III
Mrs. Earl Wente, Chr.
Mrs. Abby Klees
Mrs. Chester Pitt
Mrs. Leroy Perrottet
Mrs. Stewart Legendre
Mrs. Jewel Singleton
Mrs. Alvin Kolb, Chr.
Miss Helen Kilian
Mrs. John Beatty
Mrs. E. Friederich
Miss Celestine Legendre
Mrs. Wm. Stahl
Mrs. Martin Moeller
Mrs. J. W. Donner
Mrs. Aug. Joellenbeck
Miss Cathrine Pfeifer
Miss Florence Moeller
SECRETARY — Miss Cathrine Helen Pfeifer
Chorus costumes made by W.P.A. Sewing Project No. 7171 of St. Clair
Co. Miss Ora Smith, cutter
Advertising Float supervised by Robert Jackson
INDIANS ON HORSEBACK
LIFE IN THE INDIAN CAMP — Bethel M. E. Church
WAR COUNCIL OF THE INDIAN CHI EFS — Masons and Eastern Star
THE COMING OF THE WHITE MAN — Woodland Grange
PIONEERS ON HORSEBACK
THE COVERED WAGON
PIONEER LIFE — Parent-Teachers Ass'n.
PETER CARTWRIGHT, THE CIRCUIT RIDER
MECHANICSBURG SAWMILL AND POSTOFFICE, 1837 — Holy
MECHANICSBURG BECOMES MASCOUTAH, 1839 — Moose Lodge
PONY RIDDEN MAIL
THE FIRST CHURCH, 1842 — Rotary Club
DUETCHES SCHULE VEREIN, 1842 — School Districts 17 and 18
INCORPORATION OF MASCOUTAH, 1856 — City of Mascoutah
CIVIL WAR PERIOD, 1862 — Rebekahs and Odd Fellows
SOCIETY OF THE 60's — Senior Woman's Club
FIRST RAILROAD, 1870 — Teamster's Union
CYCLONE OF 1896 — Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church
WAR WITH SPAIN, 1898 — M.C.H.S. Alumni Association
SOCIETY OF THE NINETIES — St. John Ev. Church
FIRST AUTOMOBILE — Commercial Club
WORLD WAR, 1917 — American Legion and Auxiliary
WOMAN'S SUFFRAGE, 1920 — Junior Woman's Club
"AS TIME GOES ON" — Commercial Club
100 YEARS AGO
OR . .HOW MASGOUTAH HAD IIS STAR!
(Condensed From the "Early History of Mascoutah'
By Attorney Peter W. Lill)
In the survey of the plat of 1814, the Township had about one-
third timber, the balance shown as prairie. The prairie was about one-
half overgrown with thickets of young trees and shrubbery, the re-
mainder open prairie. There were ponds scattered throughout the
prairie, the last of these being drained and cultivated on the Kuehn
farm in Section 26 and 36, in 1872.
In 1830 a revolution was begun in southern Germany, agitated by
the students of Heidelberg University, its graduates and friends. When
about to meet with success, they were quieted on the arrival of Prus-
sian soldiers. As the local governments became stronger, the persecu-
tion became more oppressive and a large number of followers fled. In
1831 Theodore Hilgard, Jr., was sent by his family and friends to
America on a trip of inspection to find a suitable location. He finally
arrived at Belleville, and found conditions satisfactory, and
bought an improved farm located north of the present Highway No. 15,
midway between Belleville and Mascoutah. He returned to Germany
and in 1832 came back to this country with his family, his brothers
Frederick and Edward, who were both bachelors, and a number of
highly educated "Lateiners", friends of the family. Among them were
Dr. Berkelmann, George Bunsen, Theodore J. Krafft, Gustavus Heim-
berger and August Conradi, the latter a Swiss. They were all young
men and kept "bachelors roost" on the farm for a number of years.
Prior to 1837, Berkelmann and Krafft went to Belleville and Bunsen
to the north part of Shiloh Valley, later to Belleville. In 1833-34, they
were followed by others, some locating in Shiloh Valley, in Belleville
and St. Louis. A reliable report states that in 1837 Shiloh Valley had
400 souls, and of these 160 were German.
In 1831 came John Knobeloch from Hesse Darmstadt on a trip of
inspection. He bought a well-improved farm about two miles west of
Mascoutah, north of State Highway No. 15. He returned to Germany and
in 1832 came back with his brothers Balthaser, Thomas and George,
and other friends. With them came George Reinhardt, his wife and
son George, who located north of the City Cemetery. They were the first
German settlers east of Silver Creek. In 1833-34 came a number of
friends of Knobeloch, who located on Turkey Hill.
At the beginning of 1836, the town plats filed were Belleville
(1814), Illinoistown, now East St. Louis, (1817), and Lebanon (1825).
Town plats not filed were Cahokia and Prairie du Pond, a hamlet hear
In 1836-37 there was a craze in laying out towns, those platted in
1836 being Urbana, now Freeburg, Athens, now New Athens, Tamarawa
on the west bank of the Okaw river, south of New Athens, now vacated,
and Jefferson on the west bank of the Okaw River, where the present
Jefferson road in Engelmann township if travelled east will cross the
river, the town also now vacated. In 1837, the towns platted were
HOW MASCOUTAH HAD ITS START
Centerville, now Millstadt, Fayetteville and Mechanicsburg, now
The town of Mechanicsburg, now Mascoutah, was laid out on a
te.i-acre tract of land in the southwest corner of the Northwest quarter
of Section No. 32, Town One, North Range 6 West, St. Clair County,
Illinois. This northwest quarter (160 acres) was entered by Hugh Gil-
breath on December 18th, 1816, and entered in the land book May 26th,
1817. Hugh, James and John Gilbreath, sons of Hugh Gilbreath, and
their wive? sold this quarter section and more land September 6th,
1818, to Edward Mitchell for $8,000.00. February 10th, 1836, Edward
Mitchell conveyed this quarter section to his son Samuel Mitchell, Jr.,
for $100.00 and love and affection. Samuel Mitchell, Jr., sold this
ten-acre tract of land, the town site of the intended town of Enterprise,
to John Flanagan and Theodore J. Crafft. This was an error in spelling,
the name should have been Krafft. The deed was dated June 2nd, 1836
and recorded May 16th, 1837. It was recorded in Book I, at page 174.
The deed had been held in escrow. The town plat of the Town of Me-
chanicsburg, dated April 6th, 1837, was filed for record May 6th, 1837.
At that time, the date of filing and recording the town plat was the
lawful date establishing the town.
The ten-acre tract of land is more fully described as commencing
the .survey thereof at a stone in the northwest corner of Lot No. 18,
Block 3, Eisenmayer's first addition to the Town of Mascoutah, it being
the southeast corner of Railway avenue and South street, thence run-
ning north along the section line between Sections 31 and 32, the east
side of Railway avenue, a distance of 660 feet, bringing it two feet in
the alley north of Main street, thence east 660 feet to Lebanon street,
thence south 660 feet along the south side of South street, thence west,
to the place of beginning. The streets from east to west were South
street (40 feet wide), Main, now State street (54 feet wide), and Mill,
now Main street (40 feet wide). This left two feet north of blocks 1 and
2, now part of the alley, through the center, north and south Market
street (60 feet wide), leaving nothing for Schmahl street, now Railway
avenue, on the west, nor for Lebanon street on the east.
Samuel Mitchell, Jr., laid out and platted the town of Enterprise,
plat not filed, the site being the ten-acre tract, the site of the original
town of Mechanicsburg, now Mascoutah. The St. Louis and Shawnee-
town Mail Route passed on its south end. Mitchell erected a 14x16 foot
log cabin one block south of Main street, between Railway avenue and
Market street. It was the first building in Mascoutah.
The ever increasing number of Germans arriving in the county
caused Frederick Hilgard, Gustavus Heimberger and Augustus Conradi,
the latter a Swiss, and their friends to project a town to attract them
and Mechanicsburg was the result. They induced John Flanagan and
Theodore J. Krafft, the latter a former bachelor mate, to buy from
Samuel Mitchell, Jr., the Enterprise town site together with his saw
The foregoing may be taken as the time, June 2nd, 1836, when the
first steps were taken to establish the Town of Mechanicsburg, also the
time when the contract was made with Samuel Mitchell, Jr., for the
removal of his saw mill, located south of State Highway No. 15, on the
100 YEARS AGO
southeast quarter of Section No. 29, Shiloh Valley, now the Moser
farm, to the town site.
There was some progress made in 1836. The building of the 14x16
foot leg cabin and other improvements on the mill lot, the erection of
a one-room, one-story frame building on lot No. 37, also the establishing
of the Mechanicsburg post office September 28th, 1836, with Robert
D. Brewington as its postmaster.
None of the land adjoining the town site was improved or occu-
pied. Flanagan and Krafft did not own any land adjoining the town.
North, east and west was owned by Samuel Mitchell, Jr., and south by
John H. Gay. Neither of them seemed to have faith in the growth of
the town, made no additions nor ever owned any lot in town. They
also did not improve nor cultivate their land. In 1836, there was no land
in cultivation nor a building within one and one-half mile of the town
site, except a hut, the present location of the home premises of Ph.
H. Postel, on south Railway avenue, occupied by Dixon, a hunter and
trapper, who soon removed to the Silver Creek Bottom, later left
and nothing farther is known of him.
The promoters knew that the competition for trade would be keen.
The thriving village of Lebanon on the north, had two daily mails,
Jefferson about five and a half miles south and Fayetteville would soon
have a ferry across the Okaw river, saw mill and merchants, and
Urbana, now Freeburg, drew the trade
from Turkey Hill. Added to this was the
prejudice of the American settlers, the old
Hession hatred. The Americans in the
northern part of the township and around
Lebanon did not tolerate Germans amongst
them, this being shown as late as 1850. It
would be a hard task for the enterprise
to be a success, so their only interest was
to dispose of their town lots.
Early conveyances by Flanagan and
Kraft included the following: March 20th,
1837, to Conradi & Co., five lots, later sev-
en more. Augustus Conradi, Frederick Hil-
gard and Gustavus Heimberger formed a
partnership under the firm name of Con-
radi & Co. Lots were also conveyed to Theodoer Hilgard, Jr., Edward
Hilgard, Fred L. Engelmann, Gustave Koerner and Fred Kempff, who
did not improve them. The second conveyance and the first of record
was made April 28th, 1837, being Lot No. 37, the southwest corner of
State and Lebanon street to F. B. Marshall, who in 1836 had taken
possesion of said lot, and erected a one-story frame building thereon
for a store and the post office. May 18th, 1837, they conveyed to Con-
radi & Co., the mill site, Lot 13, all of Block No. 3, with the appurten-
ances thereto belonging.
Conradi & Co., as soon as they held the title to the mill plant, be-
gan operating the mills. In 1839 they added a corn grist mill. The mem-
bers of the firm could not do the necessary work, so had to hire help.
The small trade did not cover expenses. This and the lack of harmony
among the partners caused the dissolution of the firm and on Septem-
ber 7th, 1839, Conradi and Heimberger sold their interest to Hilgard.
In 1838, there were few buildings in the town, erected on Main
now State street. As mentioned before, the first building on the town
HOW MASCOUTAH HAD ITS START
site was the 14x16 foot log cabin erected on the mill lot, which was
soon followed by a one-story frame, erected for a store and the post
office. Conradi & Co., built a one-story frame mercantile building on
Lot No. 20, the northwest corner of Main, now State, and Lebanon
street. In September, 1840, Ausby Fike, a merchant at Jefferson, re-
moved his building and store from Jefferson to Mascoutah and erected
the building on Lot No. 1, the northwest corner of Mill, now Main, and
Lebanon street. In 1854, Julius Scheve, the then owner, cut the build-
ing into two parts, removing one to the west side of the lots, the other,
16x18 feet, being removed to East Patterson street, now the west part
of the Oscar Frlederich residence, 415 East Patterson street.
Robert Dashiell Brewington, the first postmaster of Mechanicsburg,
now Mascoutah, was born in 1808, in Maryland. In 1836 he came west
to St. Louis, where he met F. B. Marshall, a merchant at Jefferson, who
employed him. Marshall wanted a post office closer than Belleville, 15
mile:; away. The location of Jefferson did not justify one. The closest
point was in Mechanicsburg on the St. Louis and Shawneetown Mail
Route. He was the prime mover in establishing the Mechanicsburg
post office and the appointing of Robert D. Brewington its first post-
master. During the time of getting the postoffice, Marshall erected a
one-story frame building on Lot No. 37, Original Town, at the south-
west corner of State and Lebanon street, stocked it with merchandise
z.nd had. Brewington its manager and the post office located there. Aug-
ust A. Conradi, his successor, was appointed postmaster July 26th, 1837.
Brewington returned to Maryland, where he married and with his bride
came west, locating at or near Bowling Green, Pike county, Missouri,
iater moving to Hannibal, Mo.
CHANGE OF NAME FROM MECHANICSBURG TO MASCOUTAH
The post office department decreed that there be not more thai'
one post office of the same name in any one state. Illinois having two
named Mechanicsburg, one in Sangamon county and one in St. Clair
county. The one in Sangamon county established in 1832, being the first,
retained its name. The postmaster at Mechanicsburg, now Mascoutah,
was notified of the decree and directed to change its name. John Hay, the
then Circuit Clerk, was the first to suggest the name of Mascoutah and
on August 6th, 1838, Mechanicsburg post office was changed to Mascou-
tah. August F. Conradi was reappointed August 6th, 1838. John Hay
took the name Mascoutah from an Indian tribe, whose name was Mas-
A peculiar fact is that when the name of the town was changed by
an Act of the General Assembly, dated December 1st, 1838, the Act
read, " shall be and is hereby changed to that of Muscautah, by
which latter name it shall be known and called in all public records
and all legal transactions ". This Act was passed on February
16th, 1839, and approved on Februray 19th, 1839. The inhabitants of
the town did not follow the name of "Muscautah," but used the name
of its post office, Mascoutah. February 4th, 1857, the town was incor-
porated and in its charter it is named Mascoutah.
On July 13th, 1840, Frederick Hilgard sold the mill lot and more
to Conrad Eisenmayer and Philip H. Eisenmayer. Before adjusting all
his affairs, he became disgusted with the conditions in America and
left for Germany, where he died, leaving the settlement of his affairs
to his friends.
100 YEARS AGO
Augustus Conradi, naturalized in. 1839, having left Mascoutah, we
learned that he lost his life in the Mexican War. His widow, Louisa
Conradi, in 1854, erected, a two-story brick mercantile building at the
northeast corner of Main and Jefferson street, occupying it with her
brother, Zeno Buerki, as a bakery and confectionery. In 1863, she sold
it and acquired the one-story brick building now 217 East Main street
where she died in 1870.
Gustavus Heimberger, naturalized in 1838, was of a roving nature.
He left Mascoutah for Cuba, later turning up in Central America. Dur-
ing the Mexican War, he was interpreter for General Shields. He lost
his left arm in battle. In 1856 he returned to Belleville, where he died
in 1858. He left his wife, nee Lafontaine, and son, Rudolph W. Heim-
berger, late of Fayetteville. The latter was born December 29th, 1838,
known as the first child born in Mascoutah.
Others claim that Louis Hauck, a prominent
lawyer and railroad builder, late of Cape
Giraradeau, Mo., was the first. I find Hauck
was born in Mascoutah April 1st, 1840, and
died at Elm Wood, Cape Girardeau county,
Mo., February 17th, 1925.
The saw and grist mills, the nucleus
around which the town grew, is important
in its history. Conrad and Philip H. Eisen-
mayer took charge of the mills. With them
came Conrad Eisenmayer's wife and sister,
the late Mrs. Philip H. Postel, and friends
from Horse Prairie, near Red Bud, Monroe
county, 111. The women lived and slept in the
14x16 foot log cabin, without a floor, attic,
kitchen or cellar. They did their cooking
without a stove and with few utensils
outside the building. The men slept in the mill. They had plenty of food,
principally corn meal, pork and game. All were young people and were
In 1840 the town of Jefferson lost its saw mill by fire, with no
hope:; of having it rebuilt. The merchants disposed of their stock of
merchandise and the buildings were either removed or wrecked. The
town site was vacated. The loss of this competition, and gaining the
«ood will of the Americans, soon brought trade and kept the Eisenmay-
ers busy. In November, 1841, Philip H. Postel entered the firm. In
1842 the grist mill was improved by adding machinery to grind wheat
for flour. This increased their trade and kept them busy sawing lumber
during the day and grinding grain at night. The firm bought a water
mill near Red Bud, Conrad Eisenmayer operating the same. Lack of
water proved its failure and it was sold at a loss. During this decade
1840-50, Conrad and Philip H. Eisenmayer retired from the firm and
Andrew Eisenmayer entered, the firm now being Postel & Eisenmayer.
At the end of the decade, this firm began the erection of a flour mill
at the southwest corner of Schmahl, now Railway avenue, and Main
street, the present Postel Mills.
American farmers and landowners sold their land, some moving
west, others either sold or rented their farms and located in town,
building and occupying dwellings. Of these there were 17 on Jefferson
street in four blocks north of Main street, and seven on Independence
street, all erected by Americans.
In 1856, when they became owners of the flour mill, they were
and did their washing
HOW MASCOUTAH HAD ITS START
at their highest control and led in financial, political, official and busi-
ness affairs. After this, they gradually lost out, the Germans by their
thrift and economy, accumulated wealth and bought their interests and
they began to leave the town. Philip H. Postel got back into the mill
firm in 1867, became sole owner in 1877 and turned it over to the Ph.
H. Postel Milling Co. in 1886.
The first brick building in Mascoutah was erected in 1845, at the
northeast corner of Main and Market street, by Charles Coester and
Julius Scheve. It had thirty feet front on Main street and extending
about fifty feet on Market street, with twenty feet for store and ten
feet for storage room. This was rebuilt with a two-story mansard roof,
making it three stories. The store remained as originally built, later
being wrecked to make room for the Hagist Department Store. The
next brick building was a one-story dwelling, 105 E. Main, which was
also wrecked later to make an addition to the Hagist store.
Mill, now Main street, between Schmahl street, now Railway ave-
nue, and Lebanon street, became its business section. Most of the early
merchants were Americans, the first Ausby Fike. Others soon followed,
of these a few Germans holding small stock. The demand being small,
a wagon load would stock the store. Goods were bought in St. Louis and
hauled by ox team, taking two days for a round trip.
Oi the American farmers who sold their farms, many moved near
to Warrensburg, Marshall and Clinton, Missouri. They wanted to get
away from the malaria-infected country and get rid of the fever, also
to get cheaper land. Others made their home in town. The younger
generation began to locate in town.
In 1814, Lorenz Leibrock, father of the late Dr. George Leibrock,
came with his family to Mascoutah. He bought an improved farm, pay-
ing for the farm and personal property, $2,800. The same year the
Richter and Friederich families and others came to Mascoutah, crossing
the river at St. Louis on the ferry boat from Third street and landing
on the bluffs.
In 1849-50, the cholera epidemic, which spread over this country,
was dreadful in this community. Some say four, others as high as seven
deaths occurred in a day. Four is the reliable number given. There was
no public cemetery at or near the town, the closest being the Fike ceme-
tery in the northwest part of Section No. 27, where most of the burials
were made. This cemetery was used by the community until 1853, when
burials were first made in the public cemetery on South Dietz, now
1850-60. During this decade the town had a building and business
boom. The Crimean War took place during this time. A great part of
the foodstuff required by the English, French and Turkish armies in
their preparations and during the war, was shipped from New Orleans.
With a plank road, built in 1853, to Belleville and a railroad, 1854, and
macadam road from there to St. Louis, gave the mill and farmers a
good road to trade in St. Louis market. This brought prosperity to the
town and farmers. The mill plant was enlarged and improved its cap-
acity. The flour was packed in barrels and shipped to St. Louis. This
made a demand for coopers and teamsters. Buildings were erected all
over town, most of them two and three-room dwellings. Three three-
fct»ry buildings were built on East Main street, Nos. 5, 11-13 and 8-10,
and twenty-two two-story brick, six of them wrecked, the remainder
now in 1937, standing.
The Town of Mascoutah was incorporated February 4th, 1857, date
100 YEARS AGO
given by the Illinois State Library. February 19th, 1857, was the date
when the act was approved by the Governor. A meeting of the citizens
was called to be held at the Fike school house, now 205 N. Jefferson
street, on July 1st, 1856, the object being to incorporate the town. Re-
sult, for incorporation 36 votes, against 12 votes. Pursuant to the elec-
tion of said meeting, an election was held July 8th, 1856, at the Union
Hall, public building west of the present city hall, to elect five trustees.
Alex Ross, Max Scheel, Christian Scheurer, John Peter Fries and A. J.
McNail, were duly elected. On July 25th, 1856, the board organized by
electing Alex Ross, president and H. C. Fike, clerk. A number of elec-
tions were held from September, 1866, to April, 1883, to organize a city.
The town was divided into two wards, Railway avenue being the divid-
For nineteen years, 1838 to 1857, the inhabitants of the town, in
their transactions where the name of the town was required, followed
the name of the post office, Mascoutah, and not the lawful name of
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